Caroly Wilcox began working in the New York Muppet Workshop in 1969, as work on Sesame Street began. Wilcox originally worked as an occasional puppeteer (assisting on Ernie and performing in such skits as "First and Last") as well as building and designing. According to Quilting with the Muppets, she also made occasional cameos as the school bus driver.
Wilcox became the workshop supervisor for the Sesame Muppets, and remained in that post until her retirement in 1990. Her 1979 design sketch for a red monster would eventually become a star character as Elmo. As with the other designers, not all of her ideas reached fruition: she conceived and drew "Snuffy's Baby Brother," to be operated by one smaller person and "having only two legs when young (tadpole like). Mature is 4."
She was also a key designer/builder for The Muppet Show and movies, notably directing the creation of a special Miss Piggy puppet for use in the underwater scenes in The Great Muppet Caper. In many cases, her task involved the practical side, adding annotations to help translate character sketches by Jim Henson into physical puppets, noting how a performer should operate a character, and even coordinating the options for shooting the parachute drop in Great Muppet Caper. Wilcox was viewed as the expert Muppet maker; she trained many of the Muppet builders.
- Sesame Street
- The Great Santa Claus Switch - Blue Bird Frackle
- Julie on Sesame Street
- The Muppet Show: Sex and Violence
- The Muppet Movie
- The Muppets Take Manhattan
- Sing Yourself Silly!
- Sesame Street - Workshop Supervisor; designed Elmo, built Two-Headed Monster, The Martians, various monsters (including Kermit the Forg), many animals
- Variety show appearances
- The Great Santa Claus Switch - Puppet construction
- The Frog Prince - Puppet costumes
- The Muppet Musicians of Bremen - Built Chickens, flocked hands for farmers, designed and built others
- The Muppets Valentine Show - built Mildred Huxtetter, Big Mouse
- Out to Lunch - Puppet designs/costumes
- Saturday Night Live - built Scred
- The Muppet Show - built Mildred Huxtetter, The Snowths, Sopwith the Camel, Doglion, Deer, Betsy Bird (with Cheryl Blaylock), technical design of shadow puppets (episode 205), and many others
- Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas - built Harvey, Will Possum, muskrats, others
- The Muppet Movie - Muppet designer
- Christmas Eve on Sesame Street
- John Denver & the Muppets: A Christmas Together - Lead designer/builder for Nativity Muppets
- The Great Muppet Caper - Muppet designer/builder; supervising aquatic Miss Piggy, other tasks
- The Muppets Go to the Movies - Muppet designer
- Fraggle Rock - Muppet designer, built Gobo Fraggle with Tim Miller.
- Follow That Bird - built Miss Finch
- The Muppet Show: On Tour! - Underwater puppet design; adapting walk-around versions of Muppet characters
- Puppetman - built Earl (with Jitka Exler)
- Falk, Karen. Imagination Illustrated. p. 180
- Falk, Karen. Imagination Illustrated. p. 115
- Jones, Brian Jay. Jim Henson: The Biography. p. 321
- Jim Henson's Red Book. Puppeteer assignments
- Falk, Karen. Imagination Illustrated. p. 88
- 11/8-11/1971 – ‘Go to Chicago to Silvestri. See flocking’. Jim Henson's Red Book. Nov. 8, 2012
- 6/21/1977 – ‘Judy Collins (MS)’. Jim Henson's Red Book. June 21, 2012.
- 9/11/1984 – ‘In Chicago for opening of The Muppet Show on Tour- LIVE.’. Jim Henson's Red Book. Sep. 11, 2013.